via Getty

The history of China is millenary. Hundreds of diverse civilizations have inhabited this vast territory and have left invaluable legacies for the history of mankind. Dynasties, kingdoms, religions, cultures all in a very long timeline that even specialists still try to completely decipher.

Important archaeological excavations at the Sanxingdui site have been underway in Sichuan Province. Since 2019, scientists have been trying to determine the civilizations that inhabited the area and the traces that may have been left behind by them.

More than 500 objects made of gold, bronze, ivory, and jade stone were recently discovered at the site. The objects date back around 3.000 years and probably belonged to the Shu State, a kingdom that flourished in southern China and that some centuries later would be absorbed and conquered by the Quin State that would later unify all of China.


Mysterious Gold Mask Unravels Secrets Of Ancient China

via Smithsonian

Among the most important objects found in the 6 sacrificial pits are the remains of a mask of pure gold that probably weighed a full pound and that was used by a priest of the time when performing religious acts of sacrifice on the nearby altars. Other objects found include pieces of silk that were also used during sacrificial ceremonies.

Silk has been an instrument of great importance throughout the history of China, the Silk Road was created precisely because of the interest of the rest of the world in also owning this incredible fabric.

That is why the findings are of great importance, as the head of the excavation team and chief of the Sichuan Provincial Cultural Relics and Archeology Research Institute, Tang Fei said, “the ancient Shu Kingdom was one of the important origins of silk in ancient China,” as quoted by Smithsonian.

Since the archaeological site was discovered in 1929, scientists have unearthed more than 50,000 objects from these incredible ancient civilizations.

At the moment the site is not classified as a UNESCO World Heritage but it is on a waiting list. The written records of the Shu State are not very numerous so determining the patterns of its culture and the characteristics of its society is a really difficult task for scientists trying to put together a giant puzzle with very few pieces.

We hope that the studies carried out on the found objects will further illuminate the path of experts to discover the most hidden mysteries of these cultures.