Whenever we think of Ancient Egypt, we think of huge pyramids, pharaohs, and splendid treasures. And we are not wrong about it. It is considered one of the most advanced civilizations in History.

This empire lasted for about 3,000 years from 3100 BC to 332 BC. So we’re talking about a 3-thousand-years civilization to innovate in architecture, language, art… Today, Ancient Egyptian culture is one of the most fascinating to study.

Once the utmost kingdom in the Mediterranean world, Ancient Egypt keeps captivating us till today. For this reason, here are the top 10 incredible facts about Ancient Egypt. Let’s see what other things emerge from this civilization.


10. The Mystery Of The Great Sphinx

via Britannica

Along with the pyramids, the Great Sphinx is a well-known monumental sculpture that lies in Cairo, Egypt. It represents the ancient world and its beliefs being it is a sculpture of a figure with a human head and the body of a lion. It was completely discovered in 1905 when the sand that covered its body was cleared away. The mystery of this sculpture lies in the fact that it has no nose. The reason for this is still unknown.


9. Plenty Of Gods And Goddesses

via Britannica

Ancient Egypt was ruled for its religions and beliefs. Back then there were over 2,000 gods, goddesses, and demons. Can you imagine worshiping that amount of deities? Well, these gods were responsible for many things that happen in life, such as creating it, protecting it, making it rain, flood, or drought. The most common ones were Osiris (the King of the Living), Thoth (the God of Knowledge and Wisdom), and Ra (the God of the Sun and Radiance), just to mention a few.


8. The Afterlife Journey

via Trips in Egypt

Ancient Egyptian believed that death wasn’t the end of life as it is. They believed that the journey beyond life was as important as life itself. They believed death was just a point where the deceased awaited to be revived. This is why they mummified the bodies of their dead for the point was to use that body when revived in the afterlife.


7. Throw Your Dice And Play

via Pinterest

Do you like to play board games? I surely do. Well, in Ancient Egypt, board games were the favorite hobby. The most popular was one called “Senet”. It was a hieroglyphic board game played by two players. The board consisted of 30 squares drawn out in three rows of 10 squares each. Each square had a hieroglyphs symbol that represented good or bad omens that manipulate the course of the game. Senet was found in Tutankhamen’s tomb and it had been untouched for around 3,000 years now.


6. Makeup Wasn’t Used To Make Them Look Prettier

via CNN

In Ancient Egypt, makeup was actually used by both women and men. They would use it on a daily basis. During those times, beauty wasn’t only related nor limited to one’s appearance, it was in fact a sign of holiness. The use of cosmetics was a sign of spiritual temperance. They used oils, unguents, and a different colored paste mixed with water, especially red, yellow, and orange. They paid a lot of attention to their eyes. Makeup, in this sense, was used as a protection to some gods like Horus and Ra.


5. The Writing System: Hieroglyphs

via Britannica

Today we’re so used to our alphabet. Even Chinese, Japanese, or other alphabets appear to us as strange or unusual. Well, imagine if our writing was hieroglyphs. In Ancient Egypt, it was. Egyptian hieroglyphs were composed of more than 2,000 characters. And it is considered to be one of the oldest writing systems that have ever existed in History. The origin of hieroglyphs is still unknown, making it more complex to understand them.


4. Hail To The Last Pharaoh Cleopatra VII

via History

There are many popular characters from Ancient Egypt. One of those is without a doubt, Cleopatra. Cleopatra was born in Alexandria, later on, she became the last of the Egyptian pharaohs. She is known for her cleverness and her war tactics. However, there are so many things that remain a mystery about Cleopatra’s life, like for instance, where she might be buried.


3. The Great Pyramids Of Giza

Via NewsWeek

This list wouldn’t be complete without mentioning the Great Pyramids of Giza. Located on the shores of the Nile, the Great Pyramids of Giza are the most spectacular man-made structures ever made. They are one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tallest man-made structure for an unprecedented 3,871 years.


2. The Construction Of The Pyramids

via History Extra

Slavery was a common feature of Ancient Egypt. It was so that the pyramids were actually built by man labor: by prisoners and slaves. Although many Historians believe that this is a misconception, there are many documents that hold that the majestic pyramids were constructed by organized labor of prisoners and slaves. Other Historians believe the pyramids were built by regular paid workers since they required engineering skills. The truth of how the pyramids were constructed remains unknown.


1. Tutankhamun’s Cursed Tomb

Ripley’s Believe It Or Not

Probably the most famous Ancient Egyptian pharaoh is Tutankhamun. Ironically, his popularity isn’t due to his accomplishments during his reign, but because of his tomb. Tut’s tomb is today one of the greatest royal treasures from Ancient Egypt. And that’s not all, the tomb is said to be cursed. The legend goes as follows: the tomb has a curse that would befall anyone who dares to open his tomb. Coincidentally, when the tomb was discovered in 1922, a series of incidents happened involving the death of people who helped to unearth the tomb, making the legend more believable.