Africa is such an amazing continent, yet it is so enigmatic, especially to the Western side of the planet. Africa is one of those destinations that have everything you’re looking for. Adventure, romance, adrenaline, fun, food, colors, nature, mystery, history… And believe me, the list can go and on.

From the pyramids to countless tribes that still exist today to Prehistory times. Did you know the first human being ever lived is from Africa? Colonization in Africa was different from America’s, for example. And the decolonization mostly occurred in the 20th century. Africa has this and much more to offer.

How much do you know about Africa? Ready to learn more about this remarkable part of the world? Here are the 10 incredible facts about Africa I betcha you didn’t know before.

 

10. Africa Is The Second Largest Continent In The World

via IEA

We all know Africa is a very big place, but did you know it is the world’s largest continent? Exceeded by far by Asia. Africa covers more than 30 million k㎡. It goes all the way from the Indian Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean and stretches both sides of the equator.

 

9. Over 25% Of The World’s Languages Are Spoken In Africa

via This Is Africa

With 3,000 ethnic groups, around 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa. More impressive is the fact that each language has different dialects. Arabic is the most popular, spoken by 170 million people on the continent. In second place is English, spoken by 130 million people followed by Swahili (100 million people), French (115 million people), Berber (50 million people), Hausa (50 million people), Portuguese (20 million people), and Spanish (10 million people).

 

8. It Is Composed Of 54 Countries And 1 Non-Self-Governing Territory

via Foreign Affairs

 

There are 54 countries in Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau. Kenya, the Kingdom of Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Kingdom of Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Plus one non-self-governing territory called Western Sahara.

 

7. The World’s Longest River Is In Africa

via Britannica

The Nile is the world’s longest river. It is 4,132 miles (6,650 km) long. Its course flows across 11 countries: Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Egypt making it a major source of water for all these countries.

 

6. The World’s Oldest University Is Also In Africa

via Pinterest

The oldest existing university in the world that is still operating is the University of Karueein located in Fez, Morocco. It was founded in 859 AD by Fatima al-Fihr as a mosque. Then it started to function as a spiritual and educational center.

 

5. Africa Has One Of The Most Incredible And Unique Biodiversity In The World

via Journal of African Elephants

Africa is home to unique and exceptional wildlife and geographic features that can’t be found anywhere else on the planet. From the hottest desert in the world to high peaks to endemic animal species like wildebeest, gorillas, and chimpanzees, just to mention some. This is why no trip to Africa would be complete without the popular safari to see these unique creatures.

 

4. The Highest Bungy-Jump Is Found In Africa

via Travel Triangle

Bloukrans Bridge Bungy is located in South Africa and it is considered to be the highest commercial bridge to practice Bungy-jump. It stands above the Bloukrans River at a height of 709 feet (216 meters). If you like adrenaline, don’t miss this place.

 

3. Africa’s Deadliest Animal Is Not The Crocodile, It’s The Hippopotamus

via Medium

Every time you think about the most mortal animal that lives in Africa, you might think of the crocodile or the lions, wouldn’t you? But in fact, it is the hippopotamus. Believe it or not, hippopotamuses kill around 500 people each year.

 

2. The Richest Person That Ever Lived Was African

via The Independent

The richest person that ever lived in History was named Mansa Musa, also known as Musa I of Mali. He was an emperor of the Mali Empire. By the year he died, in 1937, his worth was estimated somewhere between $300 billion and $400 billion. As it is for today, he’s still considered the richest man in History.

 

1. Africa Is The Cradle Of Civilization

via Leupin

The very first archaic human lived in Africa, this is why Africa is considered not only the cradle of civilization but also the place from which humanity began. From here human beings started their long migration conquering the rest of the globe.