During the history of humanity, many civilizations have risen and collapsed, leaving very important cultural legacies for their descendants. Most of the collapses of ancient civilizations have to do with climatic changes, among other factors, that affected their way of life and their survival methods.
The Pueblo culture was no exception to this. Pueblo people inhabited the areas where today are Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico and there they managed to raise their society after almost disappearing several times. As is to be expected, each revival brought with it important cultural changes.
The differences in the stages of the Pueblo culture can be observed in the crafts and artifacts that they made and that have been preserved for several centuries.
The scientists tried to identify the causes of the different collapses of this ancient culture, and they discovered that the construction was paralyzed or decreased in intensity in some stages in which they found signs of violent events.
“Those warning signals turn out to be strikingly universal. They are based on the fact that slowing down of recovery from small perturbations signals loss of resilience,”said Marten Scheffer, a researcher at Wageningen University
Social tensions caused by insufficient resources, mismanagement, and marked class differences could have been simmering under the cultural foundations of the Pueblo people and some climatic events such as drought intensified them creating the perfect recipe for violence to unleash among the community members. Scientists claim that this could have happened at least three times, in 700, 900, and 1140 CE.
Around 1200 the survivors of the internal wars moved to other places and just one Pueblo community still remains in a fraction of the land their ancestors once occupied.
The history of this ancient civilization shows us that less united societies are more likely to disintegrate from self-harm and are less able to fight against adverse external factors. Maybe we can learn something about Pueblo culture.