If you are reading this, it’s because you are interested in knowing a little more about how the deaf mind works. For that, I congratulate you; surely after reading this you will appreciate being able to speak even more. For me it was.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), deaf people are not able to perceive sounds even with the help of hearing aids or sound amplifiers.
Hearing loss will have impacts on language, but they will be able to do so with effort as long as their vocal cords are not affected.
Are Deaf People Able To Speak?
It is normal for families of deaf people -or any person- to have these kinds of doubts. However, the first thing to know is that deafness doesn’t imply communication problems; they are capable of transmitting many things.
This is thanks to the fact that there are many forms of communication; for example, when babies smile or raise their arms, they are communicating. So, we must be attentive: communication is there, waiting to be discovered.
On the other hand, deafness does imply difficulties for speech to emerge spontaneously since their hearing loss doesn’t reach them in the same way as it does a hearing person.
Many deaf people speak very well, others prefer to communicate in sign language, and others who, depending on the situation, use one or the other language.
Whether or not they will be able to speak, is something that cannot be assured: each person is unique, and not everyone will reach the same level in speech.
This will depend on many factors: hearing impairments, technical aids – and above all – how they are taught. Therefore, the best thing to do is start right away to enjoy communication in all its variants.
Children from an early age begin to make gestures that will serve as a basis for them to communicate and develop sign language. A child who is deaf or hard of hearing will have to learn that people make sounds and must be taught to speak through a variety of methods:
- Sign language, mime, and pantomime, as well as facial movements
- Use sign language and text in the language you want to speak visible when reading.
- Auditory-verbal method: an environment will be created where the deaf person will learn to listen and process verbal information to speak.
- Talking with keys: is based on using 8 hand positions representing vowel sounds, and placing the hand near the mouth will represent vowel sounds.
- Total communication: using signs and gestures in combination with speech to teach speech.
In addition to these methods, we will also mention certain recommendations.
- A lot of communication; speak, use expressiveness, signs, images, and visual resources.
- Calmness and patience: some will find it harder than others to talk and this depends not only on their degree of loss but also on many other factors. For them, this is an effort, so give them the time they need.